Development and evaluation of the physical activity questionnaire for elderly Japanese: the Nakanojo study

  • Yasunaga A
  • Park H
  • Watanabe E
 et al. 
  • 1


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • N/A


    Citations of this article.


The Physical Activity Questionnaire for Elderly Japanese (PAQ-EJ) is a self-administered physical activity questionnaire for elderly Japanese; the authors report here on its repeatability and direct and indirect validity. Reliability was assessed by repeat administration after 1 month. Direct validation was based on accelerometer data collected every 4 s for 1 month in 147 individuals age 65-85 years. Indirect validation against a 10-item Barthel index (activities of daily living [ADL]) was completed in 3,084 individuals age 65-99 years. The test-retest coefficient was high (r = .64-.71). Total and subtotal scores for lower (transportation, housework, and labor) and higher intensity activities (exercise/sports) were significantly correlated with step counts and durations of physical activity or=3 METs (r = .41, .28, .53), respectively. Controlling for age and ADL, scores for transportation, exercise/sports, and labor were greater in men, but women performed more housework. Sex- and ADL- or age-adjusted PAQ-EJ scores were significantly lower in older and dependent people. PAQ-EJ repeatability and validity seem comparable to those of instruments used in Western epidemiological studies

Author-supplied keywords

  • Acceleration
  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Aged
  • Aged,80 and over
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Art
  • Exercise
  • Female
  • Health Behavior
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Japan
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Men
  • Motor Activity
  • Psychometrics
  • Questionnaires
  • Sex Factors
  • Tokyo
  • Transportation
  • Universities
  • development
  • instrumentation
  • physical activity
  • physiology
  • standards

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

  • PMID: 18048944


  • A Yasunaga

  • H Park

  • E Watanabe

  • F Togo

  • S Park

  • R J Shephard

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free