Measurement of family nursing practice phenomena needs particular attention. This study develops a new instrument, Family Nursing Caring Belief Scale (FNCBS), that measures nurse attitudes regarding provision of family-sensitive care to families in crisis and establishes initial psychometric properties. Classical test theory was used to construct a discriminative, summative instrument for measuring nurse attitudes. Internal consistency reliability in a randomly selected sample (N = 163) of pediatric intensive care unit and neonatal intensive care unit nurses was estimated at .81 (Cronbach's alpha) and .78 (Guttman split half). A four-factor structure was revealed: ethical caring practices, systems orientation to family, child advocacy, and normalizing milieu. The FNCBS demonstrated concurrent (r = .57) and criterion-related validities. The FNCBS demonstrated sound psychometric properties with a child-rearing population of families and has the potential for future use in family nursing research, education, and practice. It requires further assessment before testing with an adult population.
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