The developmental status of 37 pre-school aged children born to mothers with intellectual disability was assessed and the relationship between developmental status and selected child, maternal and home/environment characteristics was examined. The developmental status of the children varied markedly. Controlling for possible organic pathology, the development of these children did not vary significantly from age-norm expectations in four domains: physical, self-help, social and academic. No statistically significant correlation was found between developmental status and characteristics of the mother or home/ environment. The key to prevention may lie in the provision of suitable antenatal and maternity services to ensure the best possible birth outcomes.
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