To determine the clinical efficacy of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) perfusion imaging in the diagnosis of perfusion abnormality in the pulmonary artery (PA) in Takayasu's arteritis (TA). Twenty-one patients were evaluated. Pulmonary MR perfusion images were acquired using a 2-dimensional (2D) fast spoiled gradient echo sequence with single-slice technique (TR/TE, 5.3/1.3; flip angle, 30 degrees; receiver bandwidth, 31.2 kHz/pixel; acquisition time, 0.7 s; and total acquisition time, 49 s). Seventy continuous subtracted MR images were evaluated, and the presence of perfusion abnormality was determined in lobe-based (n=126) and patient-based (n=21) analyses. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive values (NPV) were calculated using perfusion scintigraphy as a standard reference. For lobe-based analysis, sensitivity was 91.7-95.8%, specificity was 92.2-93.7%, and PPV and NPV were 73.3-76.7% and 97.9-99.0%, respectively. For patient-based analyses, sensitivity was 100%, specificity was 72.7%, and PPV and NPV were 76.9% and 100%, respectively. Kappa values for each analysis were between 0.78-1.00. In conclusion, MR perfusion imaging appears to be a valuable, noninvasive method to estimate PA involvement in patients with TA.
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