Diagnostic problems in the initial assessment of epilepsy

  • Falip M
  • Gil-Nagel A
  • Torres C
 et al. 
  • 19


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 6


    Citations of this article.


BACKGROUND: On most occasions, the diagnosis of seizures and epilepsy is considered in cases of temporary disturbance of neurologic function. In this clinical situation, the physician in charge (neurologist, emergency physician, general practitioner, intensivist, cardiologist, psychiatrist, etc.) should establish the differential diagnosis with other pathologies that can also cause transient neurologic disturbances. REVIEW SUMMARY: We will review the relevant literature about the diagnostic process and the differential diagnosis of epileptic seizures and epilepsy at the onset of the disease, and the medical consequences of an incorrect diagnosis. CONCLUSION: Neurologists and non-neurologists often diagnose epilepsy. The diagnostic challenge consists of correctly interpreting the medical history, characteristics of the episodes and physical and neurologic examination, and properly using and interpreting supplemental paraclinical tests.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Differential diagnosis
  • Epilepsy
  • First seizure
  • Medical history
  • Misdiagnosis

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Get full text


  • Mercè Falip

  • Antonio Gil-Nagel

  • César Viteri Torres

  • Juan Gómez-Alonso

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free