Differential effects of TGF-beta1 on hyaluronan synthesis by fetal and adult skin fibroblasts: implications for cell migration and wound healing.

  • Ellis I
  • Schor S
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Fetal wound healing differs from its adult counterpart in that it is regenerative and occurs without scarring. The matrix macromolecule hyaluronan (HA) and various cytokines, including members of the TGF-beta family, have been implicated in the control of scarring. We have previously reported that adult and fetal fibroblasts differ with respect to the effect of cell density on HA synthesis when cultured on plastic tissue culture dishes. Data regarding the effects of substratum and TGF-beta1 on HA synthesis by these cells are presented in this communication. Our results indicate that HA synthesis by both fetal and adult fibroblasts is (a) up-regulated by culture on a collagen substratum and (b) differentially regulated by TGF-beta1 in a manner which is dependent upon both substratum and cell density. TGF-beta1 stimulated HA synthesis by confluent fetal fibroblasts growing on a plastic substratum, but inhibited HA synthesis on a collagen substratum; these data underscore the important role of the substratum in determining the precise effect of TGF-beta1 on cell behavior. Related studies indicated that the migration of fetal and adult fibroblasts into the collagen substrata was modulated by TGF-beta1 in a manner identical to its effect on HA synthesis. These observations are discussed in terms of the contribution of distinct fibroblast subpopulations to wound healing and the manner in which this is regulated by matrix and cytokines.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adult
  • Cell Count
  • Cell Movement
  • Cell Movement: drug effects
  • Cell Movement: physiology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Culture Techniques
  • Culture Techniques: methods
  • Fetus
  • Fibroblasts
  • Fibroblasts: cytology
  • Fibroblasts: drug effects
  • Fibroblasts: physiology
  • Humans
  • Hyaluronic Acid
  • Hyaluronic Acid: biosynthesis
  • Skin
  • Skin Physiological Phenomena
  • Skin: cytology
  • Skin: drug effects
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta: pharmacology
  • Wound Healing
  • Wound Healing: drug effects

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  • I R Ellis

  • S L Schor

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