Dimensional alterations of extraction sites after different alveolar ridge preservation techniques - A volumetric study

  • Thalmair T
  • Fickl S
  • Schneider D
 et al. 
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OBJECTIVES: The aim of this randomized controlled clinical study was to assess soft tissue contour changes after different alveolar ridge preservation procedures.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Following tooth extraction, 30 patients were randomly assigned to the following treatments (Tx) - Tx 1: xenogenic bone substitute (pre-hydrated collagenated cortico-cancellous porcine bone) and free gingival graft; Tx 2: free gingival graft alone; Tx 3: xenogenic bone substitute; Tx 4: no further treatment (control). Impressions were obtained before tooth extraction (baseline) and 4 months after surgery. Cast models were optically scanned, digitally superimposed and horizontal measurements of the contour alterations between time points were performed using digital imaging analysis.

RESULTS: All groups displayed contour shrinkage at the buccal aspect ranging from a mean horizontal reduction of -0.8 ± 0.5 mm (Tx 1) to -2.3 ± 1.1 mm (control). Statistically significant differences were found between Tx 1 and Tx 4 as well as Tx 2 and Tx 4. A significant positive influence of the free gingival graft on the maintenance of the ridge width was recorded (p 
CONCLUSION: In this study, alveolar ridge preservation techniques were not able to entirely compensate for alveolar ridge reduction. Covering the orifice of the extraction socket with a free gingival tissue graft seems to have the potential to limit but not avoid the post-operative external contour shrinkage based on optical scans.

Author-supplied keywords

  • alveolar ridge preservation
  • dimensional alterations
  • extraction socket
  • soft tissue punch

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  • Tobias Thalmair

  • Stefan Fickl

  • David Schneider

  • Marc Hinze

  • Hannes Wachtel

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