Direct and contextual effects of individual values on organizational citizenship behavior in teams

  • Arthaud-Day M
  • Turnley W
  • Rode J
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Abstract

The authors use Schwartz's values theory as an integrative framework for testing the relationship between individual values and peer-reported organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) in teams, controlling for sex, satisfaction, and personality traits. Using hierarchical linear modeling in a sample of 582 students distributed across 135 class project teams, the authors find positive, direct effects for achievement on citizenship behaviors directed toward individuals (OCB-I), for benevolence on citizenship behaviors directed toward the group (OCB-O), and for self-direction on both OCB-I and OCB-O. Applying relational demography techniques to test for contextual effects, the authors find that group mean power scores negatively moderate the relationship between individual power and OCB-I, whereas group mean self-direction scores positively moderate the relationship between self-direction and both OCB-I and OCB-O.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Organizational behavior -- Analysis
  • United States
  • Work groups -- Psychological aspects
  • Work groups -- Research

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Authors

  • Marne L Arthaud-Day

  • William H Turnley

  • Joseph C Rode

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