Transition of surface-plasmon resonance from out-of-plane photonic crystal effect is observed in a semiconductor array of subwavelength holes by optical pump-terahertz probe measurements. The dielectric properties of the photoexcited array are essentially altered by the intense optical excitation due to photogenerated free carriers. As a result, the array becomes metallic and favors the coupling and propagation of surface plasmons. The photoinduced resonant extremes agree well with the Fano model.
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