Disappointment, Dependency, and Depression in the Military: The Role of Expectations as Reflected in Drawings

  • Salmon P
  • Gerber N
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Identified patterns in the art production of 18 Air Force members (mean age 42.5 yrs) with varied backgrounds, to determine if themes of depression and dependency can be correlated to satisfaction and dissatisfaction in the military. Literature from psychological, military, and art therapy disciplines is surveyed. Three drawings, a questionnaire, and verbal associations were included in the procedure. Results suggest 3 important outcomes: 1) there is an inverse relationship between depressive and dependent indicators in the drawings; 2) there is a relationship between years in service and depression; 3) art therapy assessment is an intervention which can identify those members prone to depression and possible self-destructive episodes. ((c) 1999 APA/PsycINFO, all rights reserved)

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  • Patricia R. Salmon

  • Nancy E. Gerber

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