Current neuropsychological models of face perception admit three separate routes for processing information required in the recognition of a familiar face, in the matching of unfamiliar faces and in the analysis of facial expressions. The present study investigated these three classes of abilities for music processing in a music agnosic woman, IR, who sustained bilateral cerebral damage. The results show selective sparing of the processing of emotional tone of melodies in the presence of severe deficits in the discrimination and recognition of familiar and unfamiliar melodies. This dissociation supports the existence of two separate routes for the treatment of properties that subserve recognition and emotional evaluation of music.
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