Diversity of Insulin Resistance in Monkeys with Normal Glucose Tolerance

  • Bodkin N
  • Ortmyer H
  • Hansen B
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Abstract

Insulin resistance has been proposed as a critical factor in the development of Type II diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and coronary artery disease. However, even in normal healthy individuals, a wide range of in vivo insulin action has been found. In the present study we sought to examine this heterogeneity in insulin action in both normal and spontaneously obese nonhuman primates. Maximal insulin responsiveness as measured by a hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp, fasting plasma glucose, and insulin levels, beta-cell insulin response to glucose, glucose tolerance, and adiposity were measured in 22 male rhesus monkeys. Results showed that lean animals (body fat < or = 22%) had higher insulin-stimulated glucose uptake (M rate: 14.42+/-1.8 mg/kg FFM/min) compared to obese (8.08+/-0.8). The obese monkeys, with 23-49% body fat, had a wide range of M values (5.32-14.29 mg/kg FFM/min) which showed no relationship to degree of adiposity. In all monkeys, M values had a strong inverse correlation with fasting plasma insulin levels (r=-0.76; p

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Authors

  • Noni L. Bodkin

  • Heidi K. Ortmyer

  • Barbara C. Hansen

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