Diving of great shearwaters (Puffinus gravis) in cold and warm water regions of the South Atlantic Ocean

  • Ronconi R
  • Ryan P
  • Ropert-Coudert Y
  • 5

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Among the most widespread seabirds in the world, shearwaters of the genus Puffinus are also some of the deepest diving members of the Procellariiformes. Maximum diving depths are known for several Puffinus species, but dive depths or diving behaviour have never been recorded for great shearwaters (P. gravis), the largest member of this genus. This study reports the first high sampling rate (2 s) of depth and diving behaviour for Puffinus shearwaters. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Time-depth recorders (TDRs) were deployed on two female great shearwaters nesting on Inaccessible Island in the South Atlantic Ocean, recording 10 consecutive days of diving activity. Remote sensing imagery and movement patterns of 8 males tracked by satellite telemetry over the same period were used to identify probable foraging areas used by TDR-equipped females. The deepest and longest dive was to 18.9 m and lasted 40 s, but most (>50%) dives were

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Seawater
  • *Temperature
  • Animals
  • Antarctic Regions
  • Atlantic Ocean
  • Birds/*physiology
  • Diving/*physiology
  • Feeding Behavior/physiology
  • Female
  • Geography
  • Male
  • Time Factors

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Authors

  • R A Ronconi

  • P G Ryan

  • Y Ropert-Coudert

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