Dominance effects as trans-derivational anti-faithfulness

  • Alderete J
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Abstract

This paper presents a theory of morphophonology based on a development in the theory of faithfulness in Optimality Theory. a new constraint type, anti-faithfulness, is proposed that evaluates a pair of related words and requires an alternation in the shared stem. This constraint type is motivated initially by a set of problems, e.g. morphological deletions, segmental exchanges and non-structure preserving processes, which show that morphophonology must encompass more than markedness-faithfulness interactions. The anti-faithfulness thesis is then applied to accentual processes in which affixxes idiosyncratically cause deletion of accent in a neighbouring morpheme. It is argued that anti-faithfulness both moticates the observed deletion and accounts for its properties with principles that are generally available in phonological theory. Anti-faithfulness is then shown to extend naturally to the analysis of other affix-induced alternations, including accent insertions, shifts, and retractions of stress and tone, a result which distinguishes this theory from plausible alternations.

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Authors

  • John D. Alderete

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