Drying processes for preparation of titania aerogel using supercritical carbon dioxide

  • Shimoyama Y
  • Ogata Y
  • Ishibashi R
 et al. 
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Abstract

Supercritical carbon dioxide drying was performed for the preparation of titania aerogels from sol-gel routes. The conditions of supercritical carbon dioxide drying were 313-323. K and 7.8-15.5. MPa. The solvents in titania wet gels obtained from the sol-gel routes were replaced by acetone. The titania aerogels obtained from supercritical carbon dioxide drying form needle-like structures. In supercritical carbon dioxide drying, the extraction rates of acetone from the wet gels were measured by using an on-line Fourier transform infrared spectroscope. It was found that the titania aerogels with lower cohesion were induced from the formations of homogenous phase for carbon dioxide. +. acetone system and the lower extraction rates of acetone. Furthermore, titania films were prepared by the depositions of the titania aerogels on ITO-coated PET substrates. The needle-like aerogels with lower cohesion derive the titania film with high surface area. © 2010 The Institution of Chemical Engineers.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Aerogel
  • Drying
  • Extraction
  • Phase equilibria
  • Supercritical fluid
  • Titania

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