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Journal article

Dual coding theory: Retrospect and current status.

Paivio A ...see all

Canadian Journal of Psychology/Revue canadienne de psychologie, vol. 45, issue 3 (1991) pp. 255-287

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Reviews literature on the dual coding theory (DCT) of memory and cognition, beginning with the origin and development of DCT from 1963 to 1986. General and specific criticisms of DCT and research findings are also addressed, focusing on alternative views that emphasize abstract propositional representations as the basis of cognition. The review deals with the origins of DCT in research related to the conceptual peg hypothesis of concreteness and imagery effects on associative memory. The review also discusses empirical and conceptual responses to recent criticisms of DCT and alternative theoretical views in areas related to concreteness effects on memory, schema theory, and conceptual issues in the philosophy of science. (French abstract) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)

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  • Allan Paivio

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