Dual-Mode Combustion Experiments with an Integrated Aeroramp-Injector/Plasma-Torch Igniter

  • Bonanos A
  • Schetz J
  • O'Brien W
 et al. 
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Abstract

Results from combustion experiments in a direct-connect supersonic combustor facility are presented. Successful ignition and sustained combustion of both hydrogen and ethylene fuels were achieved using an integrated aeroramp- injector/plasma-torch igniter configuration. A Mach 2 nozzle was used to obtain flow simulating Mach?4 flight conditions at 27 km, at a total temperature of 1000 K and a static pressure of 42 kPa. Combustion was achieved at (global) equivalence ratios between 0.08 and 0.31 for hydrogen and 0.13 and 0.47 for ethylene, with corresponding maximum combustor pressure rises of about a factor of 4.0. One-dimensional performance analysis of the test data indicates combustion efficiencies as high as 75% for both fuels, in the leanest conditions tested. Off-design flight conditions were tested by varying the freestream air total temperature. Supersonic combustion was achieved at total temperatures as low as 530 K with hydrogen and 680 K with ethylene

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Authors

  • Aristides M. Bonanos

  • Joseph A. Schetz

  • Walter F. O'Brien

  • Christopher P. Goyne

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