Dynamic changes in the expression of MicroRNA-31 during inflammatory bowel disease-associated neoplastic transformation

  • Olaru A
  • Selaru F
  • Mori Y
 et al. 
  • 51


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 79


    Citations of this article.


BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at increased risk of developing colorectal cancer. Aberrant microRNA (miR) expression has been linked to carcinogenesis; however, no reports document a relationship between IBD-related neoplasia (IBDN) and altered miR expression. In the current study we sought to identify specific miR dysregulation along the normal-inflammation-cancer axis.

METHODS: miR microarrays and quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used to detect dysregulated miRs. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was employed to test for potential usefulness of miR-31 as a disease marker of IBDNs. In silico prediction analysis, Western blot, and luciferase activity measurement were employed for target identification.

RESULTS: Several dysregulated miRs were identified between chronically inflamed mucosae and dysplasia arising in IBD. MiR-31 expression increases in a stepwise fashion during progression from normal to IBD to IBDN and accurately discriminated IBDNs from normal or chronically inflamed tissues in IBD patients. Finally, we identified factor inhibiting hypoxia inducible factor 1 as a direct target of miR-31.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study reveals specific miR dysregulation as chronic inflammation progresses to dysplasia. MiR-31 expression levels increase with disease progression and accurately discriminates between distinct pathological entities that coexist in IBD patients. The novel effect of miR-31 on regulating factor inhibiting hypoxia inducible factor 1 expression provides a new insight on the pathogenesis of IBDN.

Author-supplied keywords

  • IBD-related neoplasia
  • factor inhibiting hypoxia inducible factor 1
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • microRNA

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Get full text


  • Alexandru V. Olaru

  • Florin M. Selaru

  • Yuriko Mori

  • Christine Vazquez

  • Stefan David

  • Bogdan Paun

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free