E-commerce and consequences for the logistics industry

  • Hultkrantz O
  • Lumsden K
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The aim of this paper is the logistics consequences of the development of E-commerce concerning physical products. The consequences will be analysed with a Supply Chain view and the perspective from the transport and logistic providers. An e-commerce model is created by a number of different logistic forces. The model has emerged out of the competitive forces model by Porter. This e-commerce model is demonstrated by a number of examples. Here the model is used to indicate the way the logistics industry will be positioned in the future. A number of case studies have been performed. To analyse the case studies the model is used. The model shows distinctly the way the five competitive forces influences the e-commerce companies as well as the logistics industry. This facilitates for the logistics industry to take a larger part of the value chain. The focus is directed towards the design and the management of different concepts for the physical distribution. The interrelation between these concepts and the flow structure and the information systems along the Supply Chain are to be defined. Models for Internet distribution, as well as for upstream and downstream consequences for Internet buying will shown.

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  • Ola Hultkrantz

  • K Lumsden

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