Effect of Drug Solubility on Polymer Hydration and Drug Dissolution from Polyethylene Oxide (PEO) Matrix Tablets

  • Li H
  • Hardy R
  • Gu X
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The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of drug solubility on polymer hydration and drug dissolution from modified release matrix tablets of polyethylene oxide (PEO). Different PEO matrix tablets were prepared using acetaminophen (ACE) and ibuprofen (IBU) as study compounds and Polyox WSR301 (PEO) as primary hydrophilic matrix polymer. Tablet dissolution was tested using the USP Apparatus II, and the hydration of PEO polymer during dissolution was recorded using a texture analyzer. Drug dissolution from the preparations was dependent upon drug solubility, hydrogel formation and polymer proportion in the preparation. Delayed drug release was attributed to the formation of hydrogel layer on the surface of the tablet and the penetration of water into matrix core through drug dissolution and diffusion. A multiple linear regression model could be used to describe the relationship among drug dissolution, polymer ratio, hydrogel formation and drug solubility; the mathematical correlation was also proven to be valid and adaptable to a series of study compounds. The developed methodology would be beneficial to formulation scientists in dosage form design and optimization.

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  • Hongtao Li

  • Robert J. Hardy

  • Xiaochen Gu

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