EFFECT OF EL NINO-SOUTHERN OSCILLATION CONDITIONS ON NESTLING GROWTH RATE IN THE DARK-RUMPED PETREL ' successfully

  • Cruz J
  • Cruz F
  • 14

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Abstract

During a 5-year study of the Dark-rumped Petrel ( Pterodroma phaeopygia ) in the Gallpagos Islands we found that chick growth rate was lower and that fledging was later during the El Ni¤o-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) of 1982-1983 than in other years. ENSO chicks attained lower peak mass at a later age than non-ENS0 chicks. However, after the prefledging mass recession, chicks of all years fledged at similar size and mass. The longer nestling period and slower chick growth of ENS0 chicks probably reflect a decrease in the energy available for growth due to lower ocean productivity and reduced food resources during the ENSO. It is likely that the flexible fledging period allows petrels to raise chicks successfullye ven during periods of food scarcity

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Authors

  • Justine B. Cruz

  • Felipe Cruz

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