The effects of physiologic alterations in endogenous angiotensin II activity on basal renal sympathetic nerve activity and its cardiac baroreflex regulation were studied. The effect of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockade with intracerebroventricular losartan was examined in conscious rats consuming a low, normal, or high sodium diet that were instrumented for the simultaneous measurement of right atrial pressure and renal sympathetic nerve activity. The gain of cardiac baroreflex regulation of renal sympathetic nerve activity (% delta renal sympathetic nerve activity/mmHg mean right atrial pressure) was measured during isotonic saline volume loading. Intracerebroventricular losartan did not decrease arterial pressure but significantly decreased renal sympathetic nerve activity in low (-36+/-6%) and normal (-24+/-5%), but not in high (-2+/-3%) sodium diet rats. Compared with vehicle treatment, losartan treatment significantly increased cardiac baroreflex gain in low (-3.45+/-0.20 versus -2.89+/-0.17) and normal (-2.89+/-0.18 versus -2.54+/-0.14), but not in high (-2.27+/-0.15 versus -2.22+/-0.14) sodium diet rats. These results indicate that physiologic alterations in endogenous angiotensin II activity tonically influence basal levels of renal sympathetic nerve activity and its cardiac baroreflex regulation.
Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research
Choose a citation style from the tabs below