Effect of ethanol/propylene glycol on the in vitro percutaneous absorption of aspirin, biophysical changes and macroscopic barrier properties of the skin

  • Levang A
  • Zhao K
  • Singh J
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Abstract

The effect of the solvent systems ethanol (EtOH), propylene glycol (PG) and combinations thereof was examined on the in vitro percutaneous absorption of the antithrombotic, aspirin, through porcine epidermis. Biophysical changes in the stratum corneum lipids were studied through the use of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Macroscopic barrier properties of the epidermis were examined through the use of in vitro transepidermal water loss (TEWL). The flux of aspirin increased with increasing concentrations of EtOH in the solvent systems. The maximum flux of aspirin was achieved by 80% EtOH in combination with 20% PG beyond which (i.e. 100% EtOH) there was no increase in the flux. FTIR spectroscopic study was enacted in order to determine the biophysical properties of the stratum corneum when the solvents were applied. The FTIR spectra of the stratum corneum treated with 80% EtOH/20% PG showed a maximum decrease in absorbance for the asymmetric and symmetric C-H peaks, which suggests a greater loss of the lipids in the stratum corneum layers. In vitro TEWL studies allowed an investigation into the macroscopic barrier integrity properties of the stratum corneum. The TEWL results indicated that each of the solvent systems significantly enhanced (P

Author-supplied keywords

  • Aspirin
  • Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
  • Penetration enhancer
  • Percutaneous absorption
  • Transepidermal water loss

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Authors

  • Angela K. Levang

  • Kaidi Zhao

  • Jagdish Singh

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