The effect of experience and gender on cardiovascular and metabolic responses with dynamic Tae kwon do exercise

  • Toskovic N
  • Blessing D
  • Williford H
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This study, conducted at the Exercise Physiology Laboratory of Auburn University, AL, addressed and compared the acute cardiovascular and metabolic effects elicited by novice and experienced men and women participants during a single bout of dynamic Tae Kwon Do exercise and investigated whether or not dynamic Tae Kwon Do practice is an exercise modality that provides sufficient cardiorespiratory demand for enhancing aerobic fitness and promoting weight and fat loss. Twenty-eight men and women (aged 19-42) were assigned to 1 of the following 4 groups: Tae Kwon Do experienced and trained men (ME), Tae Kwon Do experienced and trained women (FE), novice Tae Kwon Do men (MN), and novice Tae Kwon Do women (FN). The results of this investigation indicate that this form of exercise can be performed for an extended period of 20 minutes. All 4 groups achieved the recommended stimulus for effective initiation of cardiovascular adaptations and conditioning. The mean exercise heart rate responses (88.3-92.2% of maximal heart rate [HR max]) were similar for all groups. The observed exercise intensity ranged from 67.9 to 72.1% VO2max, and no significant difference based on the experience and gender and exercise oxygen uptake could be established. Data in this study indicate a high caloric expenditure for this mode of exercise. Total caloric cost of 20 minutes of dynamic Tae Kwon Do, 194.8 and 201.6 kcal for novice women and experienced women, respectively, was significantly lower in comparison with that of their men counterparts (316.5 and 286.5 kcal, respectively), but no significant relationship between experience and energy cost was found. The conclusion of this study indicates that dynamic Tae Kwon Do is an exercise modality that can be appropriately prescribed for cardiovascular conditioning, weight control, and fat loss.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Aerobic fitness
  • Energy cost
  • Heart rate
  • Karate
  • Martial art
  • Oxygen uptake

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