Oxidation of methionine (Met) residues is one of the most common protein degradation pathways. Two Met residues, Met256 and Met432, of a recombinant fully human monoclonal IgG1 antibody have been shown to be susceptible to oxidation. Met256 and Met432 are located in the antibody CH2-CH3 interface and in close proximity to protein A and protein G binding sites. The effect of oxidation of these susceptible Met residues on the binding to protein A and protein G was investigated in the current study. Incubation of the antibody with 5% tert-butyl hydroperoxide (tBHP) resulted in a nearly complete oxidation of Met256 and Met432, while incubation with 1% tBHP resulted in mixed populations of the antibody with different degrees of Met oxidation. Oxidation of Met256 and Met432 resulted in earlier elution of the antibody from protein A and protein G columns when eluted with a gradient of decreasing pH. Analysis by ELISA and surface plasmon resonance (SPR) revealed decreased binding affinity of the oxidized antibody to protein A and protein G. It is therefore concluded that oxidation of the Met256 and Met432 residues of the recombinant monoclonal antibody altered its interaction with protein A and protein G resulting in a decrease in binding affinity.
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