Effect of pH on direct electron transfer in the system gold electrode-recombinant horseradish peroxidase

  • Ferapontova E
  • Gorton L
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Abstract

The effect of pH on the kinetics of the bioelectrocatalytic reduction of H2O2catalysed by horseradish peroxidase (HRP) has been studied at -50 mV vs. Ag/AgCl on HRP-modified Au electrodes placed in a wall-jet flow-through electrochemical cell. Native HRP (nHRP) and a nonglycosylated recombinant form containing a six-histidine tag at the C-terminus,HisrHRP, produced by genetic engineering of nonglycosylated recombinant HRP using an E. coli expression system, have been used for adsorptive modification of Au electrodes. A favourable adsorption of CHisrHRP on preoxidised Au from a protein solution at pH 6.0 provided a high and stable current response to H2O2due to its bioelectrocatalytic reduction based on direct (mediatorless) electron transfer (ET) between Au and the active site of HRP. The heterogeneous ET rate constant, ks, calculated from experimental data on direct ET, on mediated ET in the presence of catechol as well as from microbalance data, increased more than 30 times when changing from nHRP to CHisrHRP. For both forms of HRP, the increasing efficiency of bioelectrocatalysis with increasing [H3O+] was observed. The values of the apparent ksbetween CHisrHRP and Au changed from a value of 12 ± 2 s-1in PBS at pH 8.0 to a value of 434 ± 62 s-1at pH 6.0; a similar ks-pH dependence was also observed for nHRP, providing the possibility to consider the reaction mechanism involving the participation of a proton in the rate-determining step of the charge transfer. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Au electrode
  • Bioelectrocatalysis
  • Heterogeneous direct electron transfer
  • Proton transfer
  • Recombinant horseradish peroxidase

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