We have investigated the effect piperine on castor oil-stimulated fluid accumulation in the mouse small intestine. Piperine (2.5-20 mg/kg, i.p.) dose-dependently reduced castor oil-induced intestinal fluid accumulation. The inhibitory effect of piperine (10 mg/kg i.p.) was strongly attenuated in capsaicin (75 mg/kg in total, s.c.)-treated mice but it was not modified by the vanilloid receptor antagonist capsazepine (30 mg/kg i.p.). Pretreatment of mice with hexamethonium (1 mg/kg i.p.), naloxone (2 mg/kg i.p.), yohimbine (1 mg/kg i.p.) or the cannabinoid CB1receptor antagonist SR141716A (0.3 mg/kg i.p.) did not modify the inhibitory effect of piperine (10 mg/kg i.p.). These results suggest that piperine reduces castor oil-induced fluid secretion with a mechanism involving capsaicin-sensitive neurons, but not capsazepine-sensitive vanilloid receptors. © 2002 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.
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