Effect of processing parameters on pore structure and thickness of anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) tubular membranes

  • Belwalkar A
  • Grasing E
  • Van Geertruyden W
 et al. 
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Abstract

Nanoporous anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) tubular membranes were fabricated from aluminum alloy tubes in sulfuric and oxalic acid electrolytes using a two-step anodization process. The membranes were investigated for characteristics such as pore size, interpore distance and thickness by varying applied voltage and electrolyte concentration. Morphology of the membranes was examined using light optical and scanning electron microscopy and characterized using ImageJ software. Results showed that membranes having narrow pore size and uniform pore distribution with parallel channel arrays were obtained. The pore sizes were ranging from 14 to 24 nm and the wall thicknesses as high as 76 μm. It was found that the pore size increased in direct proportion with the applied voltage and inversely with the electrolyte concentration while the interpore distance increased linearly with the applied voltage. It was also observed that increase in acid concentration increased tubular membrane wall thickness that improved mechanical handling. By using anodic alumina technology, robust ceramic tubes with uniformly distributed pore structure and parallel nanochannels of lengths and sizes practical for industrial applications were reliably produced in quantity. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Interpore distance
  • Nanohardness
  • Nanoporous anodic aluminum oxide
  • Thickness
  • Tubular membrane

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Authors

  • A. Belwalkar

  • E. Grasing

  • W. Van Geertruyden

  • Z. Huang

  • W. Z. Misiolek

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