The Effect of Steep Temperature Gradient on Relative Permeability Measurements

  • Watson W
  • Ertekin T
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Abstract

The Injection of a ftuid with a temperature either higher or lower than the in situ reservoir temperature results in a temperature gra- dient between the injected fluids and the In situ rock and fluids. Relative permeability is a means of characterizing the flow of immiscible fiuids through a porous media. The objective of this study is to consider the effect of the steep temperature gradient upon relative permeability. Along these lines, we present a series of imbibition cycle relative permeabUity measurements which were conducted in 12-inch and 24-inch Berea sandstone fired and unfired cores using Sollrol 170 and caa2 brine. The temperature gradient in the 12-inch core was made equal to the temperature gradient in the first 12-inches of the 24-inch core by injecting the fluids at a constant temperature. Four injection temperatures varying from ambient to 300°F were used to conduct the experiments. Varia· lions in thC' relative permeability curvu from the 12-inch core to the 24-inch core were indicative of the effects of the temperature gradient. Experimental results indicate that the irreducible water saturation increased and the residual oil saturation decreased with average temperature. As the injection temperature increased, the computed values of oil and water relative permeability decreased. The difference in the temperature gradient resulted in variations In both the irreducible water saturation and residual oil saturation and suggested thr.t changes In weuability occurred. Both oil and water relative permeabilitii!S decreased at a larger rate with an bcreasing temperature gradient.

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Authors

  • W Watson

  • T Ertekin

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