Effect of training on the muscle strength and dynamic balance ability of adults with Down syndrome

  • Tsimaras V
  • Fotiadou E
  • 3

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of training on the muscle strength and dynamic balance ability of adults with Down syndrome (DS). Twenty-five adults with DS were separated into 2 groups. Fifteen subjects (mean age, 24.5 years) constituted the experiment group, whereas 10 subjects (mean age, 24.7 years) were in the control group of the study. Parameters measured were peak torque, isokinetic muscle endurance, and dynamic balance ability. All subjects performed a leg strength test on a Cyber II isokinetic dynamometer. In addition, the subjects' dynamic balance ability was measured by means of a balance deck (Lafayette). The experimental group followed a 12-week training program. As the results indicated, the experimental group showed a statistically significant improvement in all measured values when compared with the control group. It is concluded that adults with DS can improve their physical and kinetic abilities with the application of a systematic and well-designed training program.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adult
  • Balance, Postural
  • Biophysical Instruments
  • Body Weights and Measures
  • Comparative Studies
  • Data Analysis Software
  • Descriptive Statistics
  • Down Syndrome
  • Dynamometry
  • Exercise Physiology
  • Exercise Test, Muscular
  • Extension
  • Flexion
  • Greece
  • Human
  • Intelligence Tests
  • Isokinetic Exercises
  • Knee
  • Multivariate Analysis of Variance
  • Muscle Strength
  • Paired T-Tests
  • Plyometrics
  • Post Hoc Analysis
  • Repeated Measures
  • Statistical Significance
  • Therapeutic Exercise
  • Torque -- Evaluation

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Authors

  • V K Tsimaras

  • E G Fotiadou

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