The effectiveness of a video-supported group-based Otago exercise programme on physical performance in community-dwelling older adults: a preliminary study

  • Benavent-Caballer V
  • Rosado-Calatayud P
  • Segura-Ortí E
 et al. 
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Abstract

Objectives To evaluate the short-term effects of a video-supported group-based Otago exercise programme (OEP) on physical performance variables in independent community-dwelling older adults. Design Preliminary randomized controlled trial. Setting Local senior centre. Participants Fifty-one adults aged 65 and older with no cognitive impairment. Intervention Participants were randomly allocated to the intervention group (IG) or to the control group (CG). During 4 months, IG participants performed the exercise routine. Measurements The primary outcome measure was the Timed ‘Up-and-Go’ test (TUG). Secondary outcome measurements included functional balance, one-leg balance, lower-limb function and aerobic endurance. All data were collected before and after intervention. Results TUG scores showed a significant reduction in the performance time in the IG compared to CG after intervention [IG 7.5 (2.0) vs CG 8.8 (1.9), mean difference −1.3 seconds, 95% confidence interval (CI) of the difference −2.3 to −0.1; P = 0.03]. Secondary outcomes also showed a significant improvement in the performance of the functional balance [IG 54.9 (2.5) vs CG 51.4 (5.3), mean difference 3.5 points, 95% CI 1.2 to 5.8; P = 0.003], one-leg balance [IG 39.1 (21.6) vs CG 15.6 (12.1), mean difference 23.5 seconds, 95% CI 13.3 to 33.7; P 

Author-supplied keywords

  • Community dwelling
  • Older adult
  • Otago exercise programme
  • Physical performance
  • Randomized controlled trial

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Authors

  • Eva SEGURA-ORTÍDepartment of Physiotherapy, Universidad Cardenal Herrera-CEU, CEU Universities, Valencia, Spain

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  • V. Benavent-Caballer

  • P. Rosado-Calatayud

  • J. J. Amer-Cuenca

  • J. F. Lisón

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