During mucosal HIV transmission, immature dendritic cells (DCs) present in the mucosa are among the first cellular targets of the virus. Previous studies have analyzed the inhibition of HIV-1 transfer from human mature DCs to T lymphocytes by neutralizing IgG, but so far no in vitro data regarding the capacity of antibodies to inhibit HIV-1 infection of immature DCs have been reported. Here, we found an increased HIV-inhibitory activity of monoclonal IgG and purified polyclonal IgG when immature monocyte-derived dendritic cells (iMDDCs) were used as target cells instead of autologous blood lymphocytes. We showed that FcgammaRII is involved in the mechanism for inhibiting HIV-1 infection of iMDDCs by IgG, whereas no induction of maturation was detected at concentrations of IgG that result in a 90% reduction of HIV replication. After induction of FcgammaRI expression on iMDDCs by IFN-gamma, an augmentation of the HIV-inhibitory activity of IgG, related to the expression of FcgammaRI, was observed. Taken together, our results demonstrate the participation of FcgammaRs in HIV-1 inhibition by IgG when iMDDCs are the targets. We propose that IgG is able to efficiently inhibit HIV-1 replication in iMDDCs and should be one of the components to be induced by vaccination.
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