The effects of corneal parameters on the assessment of endothelial cell density in the elderly eye.

  • Müller A
  • Craig J
  • Grupcheva C
 et al. 
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BACKGROUND The possible impact of corneal thickness, curvature, and size on the measurement of endothelial cell density (ECD) has largely been ignored in the normal eye. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible impact of the main corneal parameters on the analysis of ECD values at the central, superior, and temporal parts of the corneal surface. METHODS All 75 participants (52 females, 23 males) were assessed as part of a pre-cataract surgery investigation. The mean age was 75.7 (SD 10.9) years. Confocal microscopy was used to measure ECD and the percentage of six sided cells at the central, superior, and temporal parts of the cornea. The Orbscan II topography system was used to measure corneal thickness, topography, and horizontal corneal diameter. RESULTS The mean central ECD measured was 2488 (SD 301) cells/mm(2), compared with 2525 (SD 505) cells/mm(2) in the temporal cornea and 2639 (SD 398) cells/mm(2) in the superior cornea. The regional differences in ECD were not significant (p>0.14). The central ECD was significantly correlated to the central (mean 0.593 (SD 0.039) mm, p = 0.021) as well as the temporal (0.628 (SD 0.039) mm, p

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  • A Müller

  • J P Craig

  • C N Grupcheva

  • C N J McGhee

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