Effects of Duration of Electronic Cigarette Use

  • Lechner W
  • Tackett A
  • Grant D
 et al. 
  • 1

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: This study examined the effect of duration electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use on e-cigarette dependence, frequency of use, and strength of nicotine solution as well as number of cigarettes smoked per day. METHODS: Individuals were recruited at e-cigarette retail locations in a large metropolitan city in the midwestern portion of the United States in July 2013. A total of 159 participants completed a brief 29-item self-report measure that assessed behaviors and perceptions of use. The mean age of the participants was 35.8 years; 84.4% were White, and 53.7% were male. RESULTS: Increased duration of e-cigarette use was associated with fewer cigarettes smoked per day and differing patterns of dependence to e-cigarettes contingent upon smoking history. Additionally, increased duration of e-cigarette use was associated with increased frequency of use; however, this finding became nonsignificant when current tobacco cigarette use was accounted for, suggesting that individuals may increase e-cigarette use frequency as they decrease cigarette use. Overall, e-cigarette users tended to decrease the strength of nicotine in their e-cigarette products regardless of duration of use. CONCLUSIONS: Although preliminary in nature, this study identifies several factors that are important to consider when examining the effects of prolonged e-cigarette use. The implications of the current results should be informative to future studies that examine these variables in longitudinal designs

Author-supplied keywords

  • Behavior
  • Health
  • Smoking
  • UNITED-STATES
  • article
  • cigarette
  • cigarettes
  • city
  • dependence
  • e-cigarette
  • e-cigarettes
  • electronic cigarette
  • history
  • male
  • methods
  • nicotine
  • perception
  • psychology
  • research
  • tobacco
  • tobacco cigarette
  • united states

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Authors

  • W V Lechner

  • A P Tackett

  • D M Grant

  • N N Tahirkheli

  • L M Driskill

  • T L Wagener

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