Effects of a hydrodynamic process on extraction of carotenoids from tomato

  • Ishida B
  • Chapman M
  • 32

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 3

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

We evaluated the results of using a proprietary hydrodynamic method, which was introduced with the hope of increasing accessibility of beneficial nutrition-enhancing fruit and vegetable products. Tomato, a major dietary source of carotenoids, notably lycopene, was tested because of its many health benefits to consumers. Samples before and after treatment were compared for lycopene, phytoene, and phytofluene contents. Extractable lycopene and other carotenoids increased significantly. In nature, lycopene exists almost exclusively as the all-trans stereoisomer. Cis-lycopene isomers form during cooking and digestion, resulting in higher percentages in plasma and tissues than ingested. Cis-lycopene isomers are more bioavailable than all-trans lycopene. Extraction using this proprietary method increased extracted cis-lycopene to as high as 43% of the total lycopene, indicating increased isomerisation. This method could therefore contribute significantly to the delivery of health benefits of biologically available lycopene from tomato products for metabolic functions. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Bioavailability
  • Carotenoids
  • Cis- and trans-lycopene isomers
  • Hydrodynamic
  • Lycopene
  • Phytoene
  • Phytofluene
  • Tomatoes

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Authors

  • Betty K. Ishida

  • Mary H. Chapman

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free