The effects of language on judgments of universal facial expressions of emotion

  • Matsumoto D
  • Assar M
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Abstract

Because of the close connection between culture and language, a number of writers have suggested that bilinguals will differ in their behavior be- cause of differences in the degree of assimilation of different cultures in the same individual. We tested this notion by obtaining data from bilingual (English and Hindi) college students in India using a well-studied cross-cultural research para- digm involving emotional perception. Subjects judged universal facial expressions of emotion in two separate sessions, one conducted entirely in English, the other in Hindi. In each session, they judged which emotion was being portrayed, and how intensely. Subjects recognized anger, fear, and sadness more accurately in English than in Hindi. They also attributed greater intensity to female photos of anger when rating in Hindi, but attributed greater intensity to female photos of sadness when rating in English. These findings were discussed in relation to the theoretical con- nection between culture and language. Although

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  • ISSN: 01915886
  • PMID: 1703001227870476591related:LxlGB5hGohcJ
  • PUI: 222036092
  • SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-21144464856
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00990324
  • SGR: 21144464856
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Authors

  • David Matsumoto

  • Manish Assar

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