The effects of MEHQ on the polymerization of acrylic acid in the preparation of superabsorbent gels

  • Cutié S
  • Henton D
  • Powell C
 et al. 
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Abstract

The effect of the monomethyl ether of hydroquinone (MEHQ) on the polymerization of acrylic acid was studied. The rate of polymerization was quantified at various levels of MEHQ by use of an in situ NMR technique. While oxygen functions as an inhibitor in acrylic acid polymerizations, MEHQ was shown to function as a retarder. The decrease in the rate of polymerization allowed the calculation of an inhibition constant for this system. MEHQ was found to remain in the polymerizing mixture throughout the course of the reaction, significantly reducing the rate of polymerization, but not reducing the molecular weight of the polymer. The data are consistent with direct reaction of MEHQ with initiator fragments, but not termination of growing chains. Superabsorbent polyacrylic acid gels were prepared and the properties measured. © 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 64: 577–589, 1997

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Authors

  • Sergio S. Cutié

  • David E. Henton

  • Cynthia Powell

  • Robert E. Reim

  • Patrick B. Smith

  • Thomas L. Staples

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