Effects of nonverbal behavior on perceptions of a female employee's power bases

  • Aguinis H
  • Henle C
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Among a sample of U.S. students, the effects of 3 forms of nonverbal behavior (facial expression, visual behavior, and body posture) on perceptions of power bases (reward, coercive, legitimate, referent, expert, and credibility) were investigated. In contrast to previous investigations of nonverbal behavior and power, a precise construct definition and reliable and valid operational definitions of power were used, and specific perceptions of power bases were examined. A relaxed facial expression, compared with a nervous facial expression, increased the ratings for referent, reward, legitimate, expert, and credibility power bases. Also, direct eye contact yielded higher credibility ratings than indirect eye contact.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Female employee
  • Male employee
  • Nonverbal behavior
  • Perceptions of power bases
  • U.S. undergraduates

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  • Herman Aguinis

  • Christine A. Henle

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