Electrical properties and the double Gaussian distribution of inhomogeneous barrier heights in Se/n-GaN Schottky barrier diode

  • Rajagopal Reddy V
  • Janardhanam V
  • Leem C
 et al. 
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Abstract

The temperature dependent electrical characteristics of Se/n-GaN Schottky barrier diode have been investigated in the temperature range of 130-400 K in the steps of 30 K. The estimated barrier height (bo) and ideality factor n are found to be 0.46 eV and 3.83 at 130 K, 0.92 eV and 1.29 at 400 K. The bo and n are found to be strongly temperature dependent and while the bo decreases and the n increase with decreasing temperature. Such behavior of bo and n is attributed to Schottky barrier inhomogeneities, explained by the assumption of Gaussian distribution of barrier heights at the metal/semiconductor interface. Experimental results revealed the existence of a double Gaussian distribution with mean barrier height values of 1.33 and 0.90 eV and standard deviations (??o) of 0.0289 and 0.010 V, respectively. The modified ln(Io/T2) - (q2??o2/2k2T2) versus 103/T plot gives bo and Richardson constant (A???? -) values as 1.30 and 0.88 eV, 23.6 and 19.2 A/cm2 K2 at 400 and 130 K, respectively without using the temperature coefficient of the barrier height. Further, the barrier height obtained from C-V method decreases with an increase in temperature. It is also noted that the barrier height value estimated from the C-V method is higher than that estimated from the I-V method at various temperatures. Possible explanations for this discrepancy are presented. The interface state density (Nss) is found to be decreased with an increasing temperature. The reverse-bias leakage current mechanism of Se/n-GaN Schottky diode is investigated. Both Poole-Frenkel and Schottky emissions are described and discussed. ?? 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Barrier inhomogeneities
  • Current transport mechanism
  • Electrical characteristics
  • Gaussian distribution
  • Se/n-GaN Schottky diode

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Authors

  • V. Rajagopal Reddy

  • V. Janardhanam

  • Chang-Hyun Leem

  • Chel-Jong Choi

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