The analogies between optical and electronic Goos–Hänchen effects are established based on electron wave optics in semiconductor or graphene-based nanostructures. In this paper, we give a brief overview of the progress achieved so far in the field of electronic Goos–Hänchen shifts, and show the relevant optical analogies. In particular, we present several theoretical results on the giant positive and negative Goos–Hänchen shifts in various semiconductor or graphene-based nanostructures, their controllability, and potential applications in electronic devices, e.g. spin (or valley) beam splitters.
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