Elimination of the cold-chain dependence of a nanoemulsion adjuvanted vaccine against tuberculosis by lyophilization

  • Orr M
  • Kramer R
  • Barnes L
 et al. 
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Abstract

Next-generation rationally-designed vaccine adjuvants represent a significant breakthrough to enable development of vaccines against challenging diseases including tuberculosis, HIV, and malaria. New vaccine candidates often require maintenance of a cold-chain process to ensure long-term stability and separate vials to enable bedside mixing of antigen and adjuvant. This presents a significant financial and technological barrier to worldwide implementation of such vaccines. Herein we describe the development and characterization of a tuberculosis vaccine comprised of both antigen and adjuvant components that are stable in a single vial at sustained elevated temperatures. Further this vaccine retains the ability to elicit both antibody and TH1 responses against the vaccine antigen and protect against experimental challenge with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. These results represent a significant breakthrough in the development of vaccine candidates that can be implemented throughout the world without being hampered by the necessity of a continuous cold chain or separate adjuvant and antigen vials. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adjuvant
  • Lyophilization
  • Nanoemulsion
  • Vaccine

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