Emotional Dissonance and the Information Technology Professional 1

  • Bill C. Hardgrave D
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Abstract

The information technology professional is regularly expected to work with colleagues in both IT and other areas of the organization. During these interactions, the IT employee is expected to conform to occupational or organizational norms regarding the display of emotion. How do these display norms affect the IT professional? This study examines an IT professional's emotional dissonance, the conflict between norms of emotional display and an employee's felt emotion. Emotional dissonance is studied as a factor of IT profes-sionals' work exhaustion, job satisfaction, and turnover inten-tion, modeled as an extension to the work of Moore (2000a). The results indicate emotional dissonance predicts work exhaustion better than do perceived workload, role conflict, or role ambiguity, constructs which have long been asso-ciated with work exhaustion. Job satisfaction is influenced directly by role ambiguity and work exhaustion. In turn, job satisfaction influences employee turnover intention. We discuss implications of these findings for both IT management and future research.

Author-supplied keywords

  • IT workforce
  • emotional dissonance
  • job satisfaction
  • turnover intention
  • work exhaustion

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Authors

  • D. Harrison McKnight Paige S. Rutner Bill C. Hardgrave

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