Emotional Intelligence and Transformational and Transactional Leadership: A Meta-Analysis

  • Harms P
  • Credé M
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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to evaluate claims that emotional intelligence is significantly related to transformational and other leadership behaviors. Results (based on 62 independent samples) indicated a validity estimate of .59 when ratings of both emotional intelligence and leadership behaviors were provided by the same source (self, subordinates, peers, or superiors). However, when ratings of the constructs were derived from different sources, the validity estimate was .12. Lower validity estimates were found for transactional and laissez-faire leadership behaviors. Separate analyses were performed for each measure of emotional intelligence. Trait measures of emotional intelligence tended to show higher validities than ability-based measures of emotional intelligence. Agreement across ratings sources for the same construct was low for both transformational leadership (.14) and emotional intelligence (.16). [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies (Sage Publications Inc.) is the property of Sage Publications Inc. and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)

Author-supplied keywords

  • CORRELATION (Statistics)
  • EMOTIONAL intelligence
  • EMOTIONAL intelligence tests
  • LEADERSHIP
  • META-analysis
  • RESEARCH
  • SOCIAL sciences -- Statistical methods
  • transformational

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Authors

  • P D Harms

  • Marcus Credé

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