Empathy decline and its reasons: A systematic review of studies with medical students and residents

  • Neumann M
  • Edelh+ñuser F
  • Tauschel D
 et al. 
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Abstract

Purpose: Empathy is a key element of patientGÇôphysician communication; it is relevant to and positively influences patientsGÇÖ health. The authors systematically reviewed the literature to investigate changes in trainee empathy and reasons for those changes during medical school and residency. Method: The authors conducted a systematic search of studies concerning trainee empathy published from January 1990 to January 2010, using manual methods and the PubMed, EMBASE, and PsycINFO databases. They independently reviewed and selected quantitative and qualitative studies for inclusion. Intervention studies, those that evaluated psychometric properties of self-assessment tools, and those with a sample size

Author-supplied keywords

  • 2010
  • 2011
  • 2016
  • Attitude
  • Clinical Practice
  • Communication
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Curriculum
  • Databases
  • Depression
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Empathy
  • Europe
  • Faculty
  • Germany
  • Health
  • Internal Medicine
  • Intervention
  • Inventories
  • Italy
  • Maslach Burnout Inventory
  • Medical Education
  • Medical Residency
  • Medical Students
  • Medicine
  • Methodology
  • Personnel
  • Personnel Training
  • Physicians
  • Professional
  • Professional Personnel
  • Review
  • Self-Assessment
  • Students
  • Therapeutic Processes
  • United Kingdom
  • burnout
  • change
  • classification
  • clinical
  • education
  • health care
  • health care quality
  • healthcare
  • literature review
  • medical residents
  • methods
  • patient-physician communication
  • professionalism
  • research
  • systematic review
  • theory
  • training

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Authors

  • Melanie Neumann

  • Friedrich Edelh+ñuser

  • Diethard Tauschel

  • Martin R Fischer

  • Markus Wirtz

  • Christiane Woopen

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