Empowerment, P-O fit, and work engagement: A mediated moderation model.

  • Kimura T
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Abstract

Recently, researchers have paid much attention to antecedents of work engagement. In the current study, we extend the causal model of work engagement by suggesting a mediated moderation model. We assumed that structural empowerment and P-O fit interact to enhance work engagement via psychological empowerment. That is, (1) structural empowerment enhance psychological empowerment, (2) in this process, P-O fit functions as a moderator; the influence of structural empowerment on psychological empowerment is larger when one experience high level of P-O fit, (3) psychological empowerment works as a mediator; psychological empowerment, enhanced by interaction of structural empowerment and P-O fit, lead to higher level of work engagement. We tested our hypotheses in a sample of 290 sales managers and sales supervisors of Japanese companies. Our results indicated that both structural empowerment and P-O fit have positive effects on work engagement via psychological empowerment, and that P-O fit functions as a moderator, that is, structural empowerment and P-O fit interacts to enhance work engagement via psychological empowerment. Our findings extend the causal model of work engagement and integrate literatures of engagement and those of empowerment. In the last part of this article, we discuss limitations of our research, and directions for future research. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Author-supplied keywords

  • BUSINESS enterprises
  • EMPLOYEES
  • MATHEMATICAL models
  • PSYCHOLOGY
  • Person-organisation Fit (P-O fit)
  • Psychological Empowerment
  • SALES executives
  • SELF-efficacy
  • STATISTICAL hypothesis testing
  • Structural Empowerment
  • WORK environment
  • Wok Engagement

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  • PUI: 362762302
  • ISSN: 14502275
  • SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-80054703303
  • SGR: 80054703303

Authors

  • Takuma Kimura

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