Enantioselective hydrogenation of α-ketoesters: An in Situ Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) study

  • Taylor R
  • Jiang Y
  • Rees N
 et al. 
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Abstract

Adsorption of ethyl pyruvate (EP) and methyl pyruvate (MP) has been studied on a SERS-active platinum electrode. Gas-phase experiments under a hydrogen atmosphere show that decarbonylation to form adsorbed CO together with formation of a half-hydrogenated state of MP/EP are the dominant surface reaction pathways occurring under these conditions. Similar findings were obtained using a hydrogen-evolving platinum electrode under potentiostatic control in 0.1 M aqueous sulfuric acid containing EP or MP. DFT calculations have been used to support the assignment of vibrational bands in the SERS obtained from the half-hydrogenated state intermediate. At hydrogen evolution potentials and using concentrations of MP and EP < 0.02M, adsorbed hydrogen adatoms were detected. At higher EP concentrations, hydrogen-atom formation was inhibited by the greater surface coverages of the half-hydrogenated state of EP/MP and to a lesser extent adsorbed CO derived from decarbonylation side reactions. Addition of the chiral modi...

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