Endothelin-converting enzyme inhibitors for the treatment of subarachnoid hemorrhage-induced vasospasm

  • Lin C
  • Winardi W
  • Jeng A
 et al. 
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Abstract

A burgeoning body of evidence suggests that endothelin-1 (ET-1), the most potent endogenous vasoconstrictor yet identified, may be critical in the pathophysiology of various cardiovascular diseases. The ET system may also be implicated in the pathogenesis of cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Clinical studies have shown that the levels of ET-1 are increased in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients following SAH, suggesting that ET-1-mediated vasoconstriction plays a major role in the development of vasospasm after SAH. The potential involvement of ETs in SAH-induced vasospasm has triggered considerable interest in developing therapeutic strategies that inhibit the biologic effects of ET. One promising approach to block the biosynthesis of ETs is suppressing the proteolytic conversion of the precursor peptide (big ET-1) to its vasoactive form (ET-1) using metalloprotease as endothelin-converting enzyme (ECE) inhibitor. To date, three types of ECE-1 inhibitors have been synthesized: dual ECE-1/neutral endopeptidase 24.11 (NEP) inhibitors, triple ECE-1/NEP/angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and selective ECE-1 inhibitors. The therapeutic effects of ECE-1 inhibitors on the prevention and reversal of SAH-induced vasospasm in animal studies are reviewed and discussed

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Authors

  • Chih-Lung Lin

  • William Winardi

  • Arco Y. Jeng

  • Aij-Lie Kwan

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