Energy and nutrient intake and acceptability of nutritionally balanced school meals in Filipino students

  • Angeles-Agdeppa I
  • Neufingerl N
  • Magsadia C
 et al. 
  • 20


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 0


    Citations of this article.


Background. School meals provide an excellent opportunity to improve children's diet. Objective. To investigate dietary intakes and acceptance of nutritionally balanced school meals ("nutrimeals") as compared with regular ("baseline") school meals among Filipino students. Methods. The study employed a before-after intervention design with one group. Students 13 to 16 years of age from a public school in Metro Manila (n = 112) consumed baseline school meals for 2 weeks followed by consumption of nutri-meals for 7 weeks. Served meals and plate waste were weighed to calculate food and nutrient intakes. Acceptability of meals was assessed daily in a random subsample using a seven-point hedonic scale. Analysis of covariance corrected for age and sex was conducted to test for differences in nutrient intakes and acceptability between nutri-meals and baseline meals. Results. Feeding nutri-meals resulted in a higher intake of vegetables (95.3 ± 13.8 g), fruit (76.5 ± 6.3 g), and fish (19.1 ± 3.3 g) than baseline meals. Energy and protein intakes significantly increased by 140.7 ± 2.8 kcal and 3.2 ± 0.1 g, respectively. The quality of fat intake improved compared with baseline meals (p 90%) liked both baseline and nutrimeals; however, the mean acceptability score for baseline meals was slightly higher (0.2 ± 0.07 points, p =.004). Conclusions. Nutritionally balanced nutri-meals may be a healthier and acceptable alternative to regular Filipino school meals. Further optimization of nutri-meals is required to meet the nutritional needs of adolescents and reduce sodium content.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Intake
  • Liking
  • School lunch

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • Imelda Angeles-Agdeppa

  • Clarita Magsadia

  • Harry Hiemstra

  • Chona Patalen

  • Ans Eilander

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free