The mechanisms of one-photon photoexcitation in photofield emission have been studied experimentally by measuring the photocurrent from selected crystallographic planes of a tungsten field emitter as a function of the polarization of the incident light. Two distinct components of the photocurrent were identified. The corresponding excitation mechanisms were deduced from the results of the polarization measurements supplemented by band structure considerations. Surface effect emission dominates at large angles of light incidence, and is observed even from within the geometric shadow of the tip. It depends on the light polarization inside the metal in a characteristic way. Indirect bulk photoemission is prominent at small angles of light incidence and is independent of the polarization inside the metal. It is concluded that bulk and surface excitations in photofield emission can be distinguished by appropriately selecting the direction of polarization and the angle of incidence of the incident light. © 1983.
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