Enhanced Asymmetric Induction for the Copolymerization of CO 2 and Cyclohexene Oxide with Unsymmetric Enantiopure SalenCo(III) Complexes: Synthesis of Crystalline CO 2 -Based Polycarbonate

  • Wu G
  • Ren W
  • Luo Y
 et al. 
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Abstract

Enantiopure metal-complex catalyzed asymmetric alternating copolymerization of CO2 and meso-epoxides is a powerful synthetic strategy for preparing optically active polycarbonates with main-chain chirality. The previous studies regarding chiral zinc catalysts provided amorphous polycarbonates with moderate enantioselectivity, and thus, developing highly stereoregular catalysts for this enantioselective polymerization is highly desirable. Herein, we report the synthesis of highly isotactic poly(cyclohexene carbonate)s from meso-cyclohexene oxide using dissymmetrical enantiopure salenCo(III) complexes in conjunction with bis(triphenylphosphine)iminium chloride (PPNCl) as catalyst. The presence of a chiral induction agent such as (S)-propylene oxide or (S)-2-methyltetrahydrofuran significantly improved the enantioselectivity regarding (S,S)-salenCo(III) catalyst systems. Up to 98:2 of RR:SS was observed in the resultant polycarbonates obtained from the catalyst system based on (S,S)-salenCo(III) complex 4d bearing an adamantyl group on the phenolate ortho position, in the presence of (S)-2-methyltetrahydrofuran. Primary ONIOM (DFT:UFF) calculations, which were performed to investigate the effect of the competitive coordination of (S)-induction agent versus cyclohexene oxide to Co(III) center on enantioselectivity, suggest that the (S)-C?O bond in cyclohexene oxide is more favorable for cleavage, due to the interaction between oxygen atom of (S)-induction agent and (S)-C?H of the coordinated cyclohexene oxide. The highly isotactic poly(cyclohexene carbonate) is a typical semicrystalline polymer, possessing a melting point of 216 °C and a decomposition temperature of 310 °C. Enantiopure metal-complex catalyzed asymmetric alternating copolymerization of CO2 and meso-epoxides is a powerful synthetic strategy for preparing optically active polycarbonates with main-chain chirality. The previous studies regarding chiral zinc catalysts provided amorphous polycarbonates with moderate enantioselectivity, and thus, developing highly stereoregular catalysts for this enantioselective polymerization is highly desirable. Herein, we report the synthesis of highly isotactic poly(cyclohexene carbonate)s from meso-cyclohexene oxide using dissymmetrical enantiopure salenCo(III) complexes in conjunction with bis(triphenylphosphine)iminium chloride (PPNCl) as catalyst. The presence of a chiral induction agent such as (S)-propylene oxide or (S)-2-methyltetrahydrofuran significantly improved the enantioselectivity regarding (S,S)-salenCo(III) catalyst systems. Up to 98:2 of RR:SS was observed in the resultant polycarbonates obtained from the catalyst system based on (S,S)-salenCo(III) complex 4d bearing an adamantyl group on the phenolate ortho position, in the presence of (S)-2-methyltetrahydrofuran. Primary ONIOM (DFT:UFF) calculations, which were performed to investigate the effect of the competitive coordination of (S)-induction agent versus cyclohexene oxide to Co(III) center on enantioselectivity, suggest that the (S)-C?O bond in cyclohexene oxide is more favorable for cleavage, due to the interaction between oxygen atom of (S)-induction agent and (S)-C?H of the coordinated cyclohexene oxide. The highly isotactic poly(cyclohexene carbonate) is a typical semicrystalline polymer, possessing a melting point of 216 °C and a decomposition temperature of 310 °C.

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Authors

  • Guang-Peng Wu

  • Wei-Min Ren

  • Yi Luo

  • Bo Li

  • Wen-Zhen Zhang

  • Xiao-Bing Lu

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